History 1378 Outlines

OUTLINES FOR 1378 LECTURES

Aftermath of the Civil War  

3 Key Issues

  1. Reconstruction
    Slavery, Freedom, and Civil Rights
    KKK, Lynchings, 
    SharecroppingThe South as Colony
  2. Western Movement and Indian Genocide
    Wounded Knee
  3. Triumph of Capitalism  (North v. South)
    Industrialization and Incorporation

Terms:
Freedmen’s Bureau
Sharecropping
Dawes Act

U.S. Coal Production
1870–20K tons/yr
1900–212K
1910–417K

Rolled Steel Production
1870–14K tons/yr
1900–303K
1910–544K

Industrial Machinery
1870–$117 millions
1910–$512 billions

Capitalist America and its Challenges

Class Formation and Work Culture  “Saint Monday”  and lyrics
Skilled and Unskilled Work
Image–Pyramid of Capitalist System
“Long-Haired Preacher”

Labor Struggles and Class Conflict
Gilded Age
“Great Uprising,” Haymarket, Homestead, Pullman

Agrarian Uprisings
From Family to Commercial Farming
Producers’ Image
The Grange
Populists (Banks, Railroads, Monopolies, Trusts)  (Platform)
Silver Solution  (editorial cartoon)

Image–1877 strike
Image–1877 strike  
Image–1877 strike
Image–Haymarket
Image–Haymarket 
Image–Pullman strike
Image–Pullman strike
Image–Pullman strike

Image–Bryan and anti-imperialism
Image–Anti-Imperialim and Anti-Trust
Cross of Gold Speech, text
Cross of Gold Speech, audio
William Jennings Bryan
The Wizard of Oz

Terms:
“Saint Monday”
Knights of Labor/cooperatives
Mark Twain
Henry Clay Frick
Eugene Victor Debs
Overproduction
Bimetallism
William Jennings Bryan
“Cross of Gold”

THE CRISIS OF THE 90s

Production, Overproduction, and Markets
Missionaries and Imperialists
Hawaii
Cuba
The New Empire
Critics  (
“To The Person Sitting in Darkness”)   

Terms:
SURPLUS CAPITAL
     Frederick Jackson Turner, Josiah Strong, John Fiske, Brooks Adams, A.T. Mahan, Charles Conant
“Social Darwinism”
THE OPEN DOOR
Queen Liliuokalani
Spanish-American War
Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
Mark Twain  

U.S. Cotton Production and Prices
1870–4.3 million bales           1871–18¢/lb
1882–6.9 m                             1880–10¢/lb
1891–9.0 m                             1891–7¢/lb

Wheat
1873–368 m bushels/40 m exported       1866–$1.52/bu
1882–555 m bushels/150 m exported     1878–77¢
                                                                   1881–$1.19
                                                                   1887–68¢ 
1893–54¢

Image–Cartoon of imperialism
Image–Killed Filipino Soldiers
Image–Atrocities in Philippines
Image–Spanish fleet at Manila Bay
 THE PROGRESSIVE ERA(S) <>

The Response to Industrialization and the Call for Reform
Social Justice and Muckraking
Social Equality: Ideas and Laws
Women’s Suffrage
—-
The “Other” Progressives
 “Corporate Liberalism”
Conservative Reform and “cooperation”
 Banking, Insurance, and Meat Packing
———–
Image–Tenement House c. 1900
Child Labor Images
Image–Child Labor
Image–Child Labor
Image–Child Labor 
Image–Child Labor protest 
Image–Sweatshop
Image–Sweatshop
Image–Triangle Shirtwaist Fire   (Website on Triangle Fire)
Woody Guthrie’s “1913 Massacre”   (Lyrics)
“Bread and Roses”   (Lyrics)
Woody Guthrie’s “Jesus Christ”   (Lyrics)

Terms:
Lincoln Steffens
Ida Tarbell
Upton Sinclair, The Jungle 
Pure Food and Drug Act/Meat Inspection Act
Social Gospel
Alice Paul/Carrie Chapman Catt
Margaret Sanger
Pragmatism, “Brandeis Brief”

EMPIRE AND THE GREAT WAR
European Background (Map c. 1900)
     Lenin’s Critique of Capitalism  (Lenin image)
The Race for Empire
     Britain, France, Germany
Entangling Alliances
Balkans Powderkeg  (map)
——-
U.S. Response
Wilson’s so-called Neutrality  (Wilson Image)
Financial Support
International Law–submarines (Image)  (War in the Trenches)

Terms:
Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism
entente cordiale
Open Door
Robert Lansing
Colonel Edward House
William Jennings Bryan
The Lusitania (Image)
House-Grey Memorandum
The Sussex 
“Making the World Safe for Democracy”

U.S. Exports
 To Allies                            To Germany
1914        $754m                     $345m
1915        $1.28b                     $29m
1916        $2.75b                     $2m

 THE GREAT WAR AND AFTERMATH

Preparations and the American Contribution
“Democracy” at Home  (Eugene Debs
 Repression (German-Americans
 African-Americans (Camp Logan)

Wartime Propaganda Images
1
2
3

5
_______
Terms:
Trench Warfare (Image)  (Image)  (Image)
Armistice/11 November 1918
Espionage Act
W.E.B. DuBois
Camp Logan Riots, Houston  (Image)
Lynching  (Image)  

The Continuing Crisis in Europe: The Versailles Conference  (Image)
     Bolshevism (Image)
     Germany: Reparations or Reintegration-Setting the Stage for
                                                                            World War II
 The Fight for the League of Nations, Abroad and at Home
 DISILLUSIONMENT AND THE RED SCARE

Questions and Lamentations  [Wilfred Owen]
Reds
Containing Labor

Terms:
All Quiet on the Western Front
F. Scott Fitzgerald
Palmer Raids

THE 1920s: CULTURE, CAPITALISM, AND CRASH!

The New Corporate State
Herbert Hoover and Trade Associations
Consumer Culture /Loans and Advertising   [Image] [Image] [Image]  [Image]   [Image
Buying Fun and Economic Growth

CRASH!!!!

Images of the Depression:
1
2
6
7
8
9
10 
And More 
And Many, Many More
Causes:  Surplus Capital, Foreign Economic Crises, Stock Market,
Lack of Economic Diversity, Poverty, Credit Crunch


Hoover’s Responses
:  Balanced Budget, Tariffs, Government Spending
______
Terms:
productionism
Dawes Plan

The International Debt Triangle:

Germany pays reparations to France, England
France, England pay off Loans to U.S.
U.S. sends aid, such as Dawes Plan, to Germany

Trade drops, from $3b in 1929, to $900m in 1933 and currencies are devalued 
US Share of Global Trade

FDR AND THE NEW DEAL
Roosevelt and the Politics of Illusion and Hope
The 3 Rs (Relief, Recovery, Reform)
First New Deal: Conservative, pro-Business Reform
    NIRA (NRA) , AAA [Image], SEC
    List of New Deal Programs
Second New Deal: “Thunder on the Left”
 —Woody Guthrie  [Video]     [Image]   [Image]  Grapes of Wrath    Will Rogers  [Image]
    FDR’s Critics: Sinclair [Image] , Townshend, Lewis, Long  [Video]    [Every Man a King]
    Social Security, WPA (Works Progress Administration) [Image],   [Video]       Wagner Act
Recovery in ’37?  The Curse of the Balanced Budget
Military Keynesianism to the Rescue!
______
Terms:
“Bank Holiday”
National Planning
PWA  (Public Works Administration)
FERA
EPIC
“Share Our Wealth”
 Flint  (Article and Audio) 
John Maynard Keynes
APPEASEMENT, ISOLATIONISM, AND THE OUTBREAK OF WAR

Europe (Map of German Expansion)
    Mussolini and Hitler and Corporatism
    British and French [Non]-response
        Rhineland Reoccupation–1936   [Map]
        Spanish Civil War (Poster)   (Spanish anti-fascist posters)
        Anschluss, 1938  [Map][Image]

Munich, 1938  (Image)
        Sudetenland/Czechoslovakia–1938   (Map)
        Poland, 1 September 1939 [Image]   (Map)
Asia
    America, Tokyo and the “Greater East-Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere” [Map]
        Manchukuo
        The Invasion of China

The U.S.
    Isolationism
    Undeclared War 
    Conflict in the Pacific  [Reuben James]
    “The Arsenal of Democracy”
_____
Terms:
Nazis
Fascists

Franco
Neville Chamberlain
Mukden Incident
Pearl Harbor
Neutrality Acts
“Phony War”
The Battle of Britain 
“Cash and Carry”

Destroyers for Bases
Lend-Lease
THE WORLD AT WAR
(War in Europe maps) 


Soviet Invasion  (Map)
The Grand Alliance: Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin
The Politics of War: The Second Front
D-Day and Victory: Seeds of Cold War (Allied Offensives)
The Pacific War (Map)
The BOMB!  Why?

______
Terms:

Nazi-Soviet Pact
Yalta

Potsdam
Manhattan Project
Atomic Diplomacy:
    Feb. 1945: Soviet agrees to war v. Japan
    Spring 1945: U.S. planners expect Japanese surrender
    Spring/Summer 1945: Japanese overtures to Soviet; American
        planning for invasion (1 November 45, 1 January 46), casualty estimates 25-50K
    VE Day: Soviet to enter war in Asia on 8 August
    July 1945: Stalling Potsdam
    16 July: Potsdam Conference and Almogordo
    6 August: Hiroshima
    9 August: Nagasaki

The Alperovitz Debate
Critics of the Bomb

THE END OF WW II AND THE ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR  (Cold War Rivalries map)
Wartime Factors
        Second Front
        A-Bomb
        Italian Surrender

    Reconstructing Postwar Europe
        Yalta and the Question of Eastern Europe
            Poland   (map)
            Germany   (4 Zones and Reparations (map))

   American and Soviet Designs : Churchill, Stalin, and Truman
Open Door, Empire, Defense

Strategies for Hegemony: Economic and Political

Bretton Woods    (article from Fed)
IMF [Currency Stabilization]
World Bank [“reconstruction and development”]
The dollar and convertibility

United Nations
Security Council and Veto
Inclusion and Power

    Containment: Economic, Military and Political  [Kennan]
        Bretton Woods, Loans and the Marshall Plan
        The “Iron Curtain”
        The Truman Doctrine  (Greece)
        Berlin Blockade
        NATO
    Cold War/Hot War in the “Third World”

    ASIA
        Chinese Civil War: Mao Zedong [CCP] vs. Jiang Jieshi [Guomindang]
        The “China Lobby”

        The Cold War Turns Hot:  Korea  (map) 
        NSC-68 and Military Keynesianism

    “Ducks” Everywhere
        Iran, 1953: The Fall of Mossadegh   (map)
        Guatemala, 1954: Ousting Arbenz    (Map)  
        Cuba, 1959-present: Contesting Castro   (Bay of Pigs)
        Chile, 1973: The Allende “Threat”

   1945-Present: The Spectres of Nationalism and Neutralism
        Indonesia, Egypt, India  [SukarnoNasser, Suez AttackNehru]

Containment–at Home

Red Scare, Again

   McCarthyism
   “Who Lost China?”
   Labor/Taft-Hartley
   The Rosenbergs
    “God Bless America”

 African Americans/Civil Rights
  Robeson, HUAC Testimony, Old Man RiverDuBois and Socialism, Haywood, King and Levinson  kinig and levinson

 

Women

      Back to the Kitchen (home-ec-text-1950s)
      Baby Booming
      Women in the workplace?,     June and Ward 

 Hollywood/Culture
      TV/Education/Comics, etc.
      Blacklists
      Suburbanization

Terms:
Roy Cohn
“Lavender Scare”

Joseph Welch [“Sir, have you no sense of decency”] 
“Hollywood Ten”
American Life in the 1950s

    Consumption and Culture
        Economic Growth [Military-Industrial Complex
        Organization Men in Gray Flannel Suits
        Education and Conformity
      

    The “Other” ’50s

 “Little Boxes”       
        “Birth of the Cool”  So What     Coltrane    Charlie _Parker
        Hep Cats, Jazz, and Dope
         Rebels without Causes and JDs   What are you rebelling against?

        The Beat Life  [Ginsberg]  [Kerouac]  [Burroughs]
=====
    Terms:
        America   (lyrics) 
        Howl
        Mad Magazine    [Alfred E. Newman]   [Bill Gaines]
        Playboy and the Sexual Revolution   [Kinsey Reports]     [Hugh Hefner]

VIET NAM    [Map]   

Why Viet Nam?
 Anti-Communism/-Nationalism
 Cold War Context
 Economics [rebuilding Asia]

The War
 Attrition War
 Divisions over Strategy
 Air War

Why the U.S. Lost?
 Guerrilla Warfare
 Politics in Viet Nam
 The U.S. Context
======
Terms:
    French Indochina
    Ho Chi Minh
    Viet Minh
    Domino Theory
    Viet Cong
    Ngo Dinh Diem

The Modern Civil Rights Era

    World War II and the Northern Migration   [Beginnings

Emmett Till 
    The Legal Challenge to Apartheid
         Brown v. Board
    Montgomery and the Emergence of
            Martin Luther King    [1957-62]

Sit-Ins [SNCC]

    Freedom Rides
    Freedom Summer
    Birmingham Boycott–“Bull” Connor
    “I Have a Dream

“Mississippi Goddam”    Lyrics

Schwerner, Chaney, Goodman 

States’ Rights

Legislative Triumph: Civil and Voting Rights Acts

 Liberal Backlash, post 1965
    Northern Rage: Malcolm X
    Black Power/Black Panthers
    MLK Transitions

    Poor People’s Campaign
    The Assassination of King

The Commodification of King
=======
Terms:
    Rosa Parks, 12/55
     Little Rock, AK


The 1960s: Questioning Authority and Commodifying an Era

Reality  and   Legacy  and Now

Woodstock_12216

    The New Left and Antiwar Movement
            “participatory democracy”

    Countercultures: Sex, Drugs, Rock & Roll

    “La Raza Unida”–The Chicano Movement

    Women’s Liberation
======
Terms:
    C. Wright Mills
    SDS [Students for a Democratic Society]
    Port Huron Statement
    Hippies [image]
    Summer of Love 
    The Pill
    LSD–Timothy Leary [“tune in, turn on, drop out”]
    “Summer of Love”  
    Woodstock
    Bob Dylan
    The Beatles
    Cesar Chavez–UFW
    Reyes Tijerina [New Mexico]
    Brown Berets
    Betty Friedan–The Feminine Mystique
    Miss America 1968–“freedom trash can”

60s Backlash and The Age of Nixon

Rise of the (New?) South   Lynyrd Skynyrd

Foreign Policy
      “Vietnamization” and Kent State 
      Ending the War
      Arms Sales

 At Home
     “Law and Order ?
      Evil Liberals
      Oil Crisis  
      Welfare and Environment
      Watergate

“Always remember, others may hate you, but those who hate you don’t win unless you hate them, and then you destroy yourself.”

 The Legacy
    The Imperial President
    The Last Liberal?

Race and Culture  “The Message”
    Punk and Hip Hop

The 1980s–the Backlash Continues
    October Surprise?

    Killing Hope
        The New Cold War
        “Star Wars” [SDI] and Military Keynesianism
        Slaughters in Central America

A “New” Cold War

    Aftermath of Detente
Committee on the Present Danger and “Team B”

Brzezinski in Charge/Carter’s Cold  War–Afghanistan and the Olympics

Reagan, Military Keynesianism and the “Evil Empire”

The Gorbachev Alternative

<>
Reverse Robin Hood Economics
      The Poor Get Poorer [chart on page 305]
Reagan’s Economic Policies
        Cutting the Safety Net
        Clarence Thomas
        Rodney King and the L.A. Uprising of ’92

End (?) of the Cold War
The Bloc Crumbles
Looking for Enemies
Rogue States and Nuclear Outlaws
Saddam to the Rescue

Terms:
    “The Evil Empire”
    Nuclear Freeze Movement
          (Three Mile Island/China Syndrome)
Liberation Theology and the Pope
   El Salvador–FMLN vs. the Death Squads /the Murder of Romero
    Guatemala–the Horror Continues
    Nicaragua–Sandinistas vs. the Contras
    Contra-Cocaine connection
    Domestic surveillance–the CISPES case
    Anita Hill

I’d like to make an appeal in a special way to the men in the army. Brothers, each one of you is one of us. We are the same People.  The farmers and peasants that you kill are your own brothers and sisters.  When you hear the words of a man telling you to kill, think instead in the words of God, “Thou shalt not kill!” No soldier is obliged to obey an order contrary to the Law of God. In His name and in the name of our tormented people who have suffered so much, and whose laments cry out to heaven: I implore you! I beg you! I ORDER you!! STOP THE REPRESSION!!!

Globalization
 Integration and Hegemony
Bretton Woods–IMF and World Bank

TNCs and Transnational Institutions
WTO
NAFTA
FTAA
CAFTA

Democracy?
Who makes the call?
Investor-to-State rights/Chapter 11
MTBE
Mississippi Funeral Parlors

Work and Wages
Maquiladores
Job Losses   (Chart)

‘Till Debt Do Us Part
Deficits

Budget Deficits    (2)   (3)
Budget Deficits Projections
Deficits/GDP
Contributions to Deficit
Public and Private Bond Market Debt

Globalization and its Discontents
“The Battle of Seattle”
“Call It Democracy”   (Lyrics)

The Road to 9/11, and Iraq: The US and the Middle East   [map]

Background: Oil and Nationalism

Mandates and Balfour  (Zionism)

“His Majesty’s Government view with favor the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavors to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.”

Israel and Palestine

The PLO

“Resurging” Anti-Americanism 

Mossadegh and Nasser  

Iran, Egypt, Iraq

6 Day War and Yom Kippur/Ramadan War6daywara

260px-Yom_Kippur_War_map.svg

Resolution 242  

Resolution 338    

Camp David Accords

Oslo Accords


US support of Israel

500px-US_aid_to_Israel

Islamic Revolution, and the Iran-Iraq War

Afghanistan, Soviet Intervention,  Mujahadeen, Taliban and al-Qaeda and “Blowback”

Terrorism in the 90s

wtc93

Bin Laden and al Qaeda  

OSAMA BIN LADEN

The First Gulf War, 1990-91   (Looking for Enemies after Eastern European Communism Falls Apart)

Glasbie meeting with Saddam 

9/11 and the Momentum toward War    (PDB 6 August 2001
Lies and Deceptions

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About buzzanco

Historian, Agitator, Sicilian
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